How to Become a Joiner | Career Advice

How to become a Joiner
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by Jessica Tabinor on


  • Find out how to become a Joiner 

  • Read more about what a career as a joiner might involve and if it's the right fit for you

There is a wide range of fantastic joinery job opportunities in the UK construction industry for joiners, from homebuilding to major projects in the commercial sector.

Keep reading to find out more about the skills and experience you’ll need and discover whether a joinery career in the right fit for you.

£8-13 per hour

Hinkley Point C / HS2

NVQ, City & Guilds


What do joinery jobs involve?

Joiners construct the wooden components of a building, creating things by joining pieces of wood. You could be working on anything from interior and exterior doors and windows to stairs, tables and pieces of furniture. You could also be involved in repairs and maintenance work on flooring, roofing, skirting and ceilings.


What is a joiner’s salary?

Starting salaries for joiners will usually range from around £17,000 up to £24,000. As you progress through your career, gaining more experience, your salary will increase to reflect this. More experienced joiners can expect to earn from £25,000 to £35,000. If you plan to be self-employed, you can set your own rates, meaning your annual salary could vary.

These figures are intended as a guideline only. 


What skills do I need?

You’ll need an excellent eye for detail and the ability to follow complex technical drawings and plans as you’ll often be involved in intricate, ornamental work. You’ll also need a solid grasp of maths and arithmetic in order to work out measurements and angles and minimise any wasted materials.

You’ll need a degree of physical strength and fitness, as joinery jobs involve a good amount of heavy lifting and carrying. It’s also important to be confident in using a range of hand and machine construction tools, ranging from hammers to bench saws.


What qualifications do I need?

There are a number of different entry routes to a career as a joiner. Many people opt to complete a college course in joinery to gain some essential knowledge and skills before they look for a role. Suitable courses include: NVQ (level 1 or 2) or City & Guilds 6217-02.

Some employers will offer introductory roles as a labourer or joiner’s ‘mate’, giving you on the job training. Alternatively, an apprenticeship gives you the opportunity to gain important skills and experience, while getting paid at the same time. You may require some existing qualifications in order to start an apprenticeship – usually five GCSEs, or a basic vocational diploma like a BTEC.

If you want to work on a construction site, you’ll need to apply for a Construction Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS) competency card.


What are the hours and conditions?

Your standard working week would usually be between 39 and 45 hours, Monday to Friday. However, sometimes you’ll be expected to put in overtime on evenings or weekends to ensure deadlines are met. This will be as and when projects require it. This overtime and extra shift pay could help boost your income.

A lot of your time will be spent in a workshop, with some visits to the job site. This means there may be an element of travel involved and you may have to spend time away from home.

Working in a workshop means you’ll encounter lots of dust and noise and will engage in physically strenuous and often hazardous activities like climbing ladders, heavy-lifting and operating machinery like saws and drills. Protective clothing, like helmets, ear-defenders, googles and boots are essential.


Career progression

If you’re willing to put in the time and effort, there are various opportunities for progression in your career, including:

Freelance: If you can develop a network of connections with sub-contractors and build a reputation for yourself as doing high-quality work, you could become a freelancer. This gives you the chance to negotiate your own rates and offers greater flexibility.

Company Director: If you succeed as a freelancer and acquire your own workshop, you could start your own business, employing other joiners.

Specialist: With enough time and experience, you could become a specialist in a certain field, such as creating bespoke fitted furniture. Again, building connections in the industry and making a name for yourself will help with this.


Areas of specialism 

There are a number of areas skilled joiners can specialise in as they progress in their careers. Many will opt to specialise in bespoke furniture, both for individuals and for the private and luxury sector.

Another route to take is stairs, as an increasing number of people decide they want a bespoke staircase in their home.

Alternatively, there are opportunities in the film production and theatre industries, where you can help with building stages and sets.

To search for opportunities across the sector click here. Or, browse our dedicated HS2 and Hinkley Point C pages for more information.

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